Effect of some isoquinoline alkaloids on enzymatic activity of acetylcholinesterase and monoamine oxidase

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Ukr Biokhim Zh. 2005 Mar-Apr;77(2):147-53.

Effect of some isoquinoline alkaloids on enzymatic activity of acetylcholinesterase and monoamine oxidase

Article in Russian

Kuznetsova LP, Sochilina EE, Faddeeva MD, Iagodina OV.

It has been shown, that some benzo[c]-phenanthridine and diisoquinoline alkaloids isolated from Chelidonium majus L. and Macleaya (Bocconia) cordata and M. microcarpa (berberine, sanguinarine, chelidonine) and of drugs ("Ukrain" and "Sanguirythrine") inhibited the enzyme activity of acetylcholinesterase from human erythrocyte and monoamine oxidase from the rat liver. All agents under study have been shown to be reversible inhibitors of the enzymatic hydrolysis of acetylthiocholine. It has been determined that chelidonine belonged to reversible inhibitors of a competitive type, all other examined agents have been demonstrated to be inhibitors of a mixed competitive-noncompetitive type, and a greater contribution to the inhibition was made by the competitive constituent. Among all examined agents berberine, sanguinarine and "Sanguirythrine" were the strongest inhibitors of this reaction and chelidonine and "Ukrain" were much weaker. All agents under study have been shown to be irreversible inhibitors of the oxidative deamination reaction of serotonine and tyramine and not to influence the oxidative deamination reaction of benzylamine as a substrate. Among the examined agents, alkaloid sanguinarine and drug "Ukrain" are the strongest inhibitors of the reaction, alkaloids berberine, sanguinarine and "Sanguirythrine" exhibit a weaker action.