[Inhibition of liver mitochondrial monoamine oxidase activity by alkaloids isolated from Chelidonium and Macleaya and by their derivative drugs]
[Article in Russian]
Iagodina OV, Nikol'skaia EB, Faddeeva MD.
I. M. Sechenov Institute of Evolutionary Physiology and Biochemistry RAS, St. Petersburg.
It has been shown that the major alkaloids from plants Chelidonium majus L. and Macleaya (Bocconia) cordata and microcarpa, namely, berberine, sanguinarine, chelidonine, and drugs "Ukrain" (thiophosphoric acid derivative of a sum of the alkaloids isolated from Ch. majus L.) and "Sanguirythrine" (a mixture of the alkaloids sanguinarine and chelerythrine, w/w 3:7, isolated from Macleaya), are irreversible inhibitors of oxidative deamination reaction of serotonin and tyramine as substrates, catalyzed by rat liver mitochondrial monoamine oxidase (MAO). At the same time these substances do not influence the oxidative deamination reaction of benzylamine as substrate (in concentration 1 mM or less). The substrate specificity of this inhibition manifests that mainly the oxidative deamination reactions catalyzed by MAO form A are inhibited by the agents studied. Among the examined agents, alkaloid chelidonine and drug "Ukrain" are the strongest inhibitors of the reaction. Alkaloids berberine and sanguinarine and drug "Sanguirythrine" exhibit a weaker action. Judging from the data obtained, sanguinarine and chelerythrine appear to exert similar inhibitory effects in this reaction, since sanguinarine and "Sanguirythrine" have similar values of bimolecular rate constants of their interaction with mitochondrial MAO. As it is well known, the MAO inhibitors appear to be, as a rule, pronounced antidepressants. The combination of malignotoxicity and antidepressive activity in drug "Ukrain" seems to be favourable for its clinical applications.