A novel metronomic schedule of oral vinorelbine for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer in elderly patients...............

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Sub-category: Metastatic Breast Cancer
Category: Breast Cancer--Metastatic Breast Cancer
Meeting: 2009 ASCO Annual Meeting
 
Citation: J Clin Oncol 27:15s, 2009 (suppl; abstr 1085)
Abstract No: 1085
Author(s): R. Addeo,
V. Faiola, G. Cennamo, R. Guarrasi, L. Montella, P. Iodice, A.
Sgambato, E. Capasso, M. Caraglia, S. Del Prete; ASLNA3,
Frattamaggiore, Italy; Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Roma,
Italy; S.U.N., Napoli, Italy
 
Abstract:
Background:
Oral vinorelbine (VNR) is particularly useful in elderly patients due
to its favorable toxicity profile. Several studies demonstrated that
this drug seems to represent an active treatment for metastatic breast
cancer (MCB). We evaluated the clinical efficacy and tolerance of
metronomic chemotherapy with oral VNR.
 
Methods: Women were
eligible if they had a histologically proven untreated MBC and were
> 70 years old. A two-staged Simon accrual design was adopted for
this phase II trial. Patients were required to have negative estrogen
receptor status, at least one bidimensionally measurable target lesion,
Karnofsky performance status >70; life expectancy > 3 months.
Each patient received oral vinorelbine 80 mg/m2 fractionated
in days 1, 3, and 5, three week on-one week off, every 4 weeks, for a
maximum of six cycles unless disease progression or unacceptable
toxicity.
 
Results: Thirty-two patients with MBC were eligible,
assessable for response, and toxicity. The median age was 75 years
(range 70-84), sixteen patients (50%) had a Karnofsky performance
status of 90-100. The main comorbidities recorded were: hypertension in
9 (28%) patients and diabetes mellitus in 6 (19%). The overall response
rate (on an intent-to-treat basis) was 41% (13 of 32; 95% CI, 20%-54%).
Two complete response and 11 partial responses were noted. In addition,
other 10 patients (31%) had stable disease of > 4 months duration,
and 9 patients (28 %) had disease progression. Median time to disease
progression was 7.1 months and median overall survival was 12.7 months.
The schedule was well tolerated, grade 3 toxicity was observed only in
two patients.
 
Conclusions: Metronomic oral VNR can be safely
administered to elderly patients with MBC and is active in this
population. Final data analysis will be presented.